Dissociative identity disorder



This article is provided for everyone who wants to know the dissociative identity disorder. We hope that you will also benefit the people who suffer from this dissociative identity disorder as well as the people close to them.

This article contains the following :
– Definition and what is a dissociative identity disorder
– Forms of disease of dissociative identity disorder
– Causes of turmoil
– Symptoms of the dissociative identity disorder
– How to diagnose the disorder
– The most important treatment methods

Definition and what is a dissociative identity disorder

Dissociative identity disorder
DID definition

Dissociative identity disorder, formerly called multiple personality disorder, two or more identities work alternately to control within the same person. Also, a person cannot easily remember information that he usually remembers, such as daily events, important personal information, or painful or distressing events.

The incidence of this disease “Dissociative identity disorder:
 It is not known how many patients have a dissociative identity disorder; However, in one study, about 1.5% of people had this disorder in a given year
Dissociative identity disorder affects approximately 3% of patients in psychiatric hospitals, in addition to being 9 times more likely to be found in females than in males. Patients often have 5 to 10 personal transformations.

Forms of dissociative identity disorder

Dissociative identity disorder has the following forms:
– The acquisition
– No acquisition

In obsessive fashion, a person’s dissociative identity disorder appear as if they were an external factor that controlled the person. This external factor can be described as a supernatural being or spirit that may claim punishment for past actions, but it is sometimes another person (often a person who has died, sometimes dramatically). In all cases, people speak and act completely differently from the way they do Thus, different identities are clear to other people. In many cultures, similar acquisitions form a natural part of the local culture or religion, and are not considered a disorder. On the other hand, in a dissociative identity disorder, the alternative identity is undesirable, and causes distress. Large and malfunctioning, appearing in times and places that are not appropriate for the social status of the person, culture or religion.
Non-obsessive forms tend to be less clear to others; People may feel a sudden change in their sense of self, and they may feel as though they are observing their own words, emotions and actions, not by an external agent or agent.

the reasons of dissociative identity disorder

Dissociative identity disorder
the reasons

Dissociative identity disorder usually occurs in people who have experienced severe distress or trauma during childhood. In the United States, Canada, and Europe, about 90% of patients with this dissociative identity disorder have been physically, sexually, or emotionally severely treated, or have been neglected as children. However, some patients were not mistreated, but they suffered a great loss early (such as the death of a parent), a serious medical illness or other distressing events.

Dissociative identity disorder

As children grow, they must learn to integrate the complex and different types of information and experiences into a coherent and complex personal identity that may be assault
Sexual and physical events that occur in childhood when a personal identity is in a state of development have lasting effects on a person’s ability to form a unified identity (dissociative identity disorder), especially when the aggressors are parents or caregivers

 Abused children may go through stages in which different concepts, memories, and emotions are separated from their life experiences; Over time, these children may develop an increased ability to escape abuse by “turning away”, separating themselves from their harsh physical environment, or by leaning back on their minds. Each painful stage or experience can be used to produce a different identity, but if these children are adequately protected and cared for by adults, they are less likely to develop dissociative identity disorder “DID”.


Dissociative identity disorder is chronic and may cause disability, although many patients perform very well and lead a creative and productive life
Many of the symptoms are typical of a dissociative identity disorder

Amnesia or aberration

Memory loss may include the following
– Memory gaps for past personal events: for example, patients may not remember specific time periods during childhood.
– Memory lapses for current daily events and well-acquired skills.
– Discover evidence of the things that they did, but have no memory of actually doing.

More than one identity

dissociative identity disorder

In the obsessive form of a dissociative identity disorder, the different identities are readily apparent to family members and other observers; A person speaks and behaves in a distinctly different way, as if another person or object had acquired it.
In the obsessive form of a dissociative identity disorder, identities are
The various are often not clear to observers; Instead of these people behaving as though they have taken possession of them, he may feel People with this type of dissociative identity disorder are separated from some aspect of themselves (a condition called character dissipation), or as if they were watching themselves in a movie or as if they were watching a person

Other symptoms of dissociative identity disorder

People who suffer from a dissociative identity disorder often describe a set of symptoms that could resemble
Other mental health disorders, as well as symptoms of many physical disorders; For example, they often develop severe headache or other aches and pains
Many patients with dissociative identity disorder have depression and anxiety. They are vulnerable to injuring themselves

Diagnosis of dissociative identity disorder

Doctor’s evaluation
Doctors diagnose dissociative identity disorder based on a person’s history and symptoms so that doctors conduct a comprehensive psychological interview and use special questionnaires designed to help identify dissociative dissociative disorder and exclude other mental health disorders. A medical examination may be required, to determine whether patients have a physical disorder that could explain specific symptoms.
The interviews may need to be lengthy, and involve the careful use of hypnosis or intravenous tranquilizers for the person’s relaxation (drug-friendly interview). Patients may also be required to maintain a diary between doctor’s visits. These measures may allow doctors to confront other identities or make A person is more likely to reveal information about a forgotten period of time
Doctors may also try to communicate directly with other identities by asking to speak to a portion of the mind that is involved in behaviors that ADHD patients cannot remember, or that someone else seems to be doing.
Doctors can usually distinguish between a differential identity disorder and pathology (bodily or psychiatric symptoms, pseudo) to obtain benefit:
– They tend to overly report well known symptoms of DIF, while they overlook other symptoms
– They tend to create typical alternative identities
– They usually seem to have the idea of ​​a disorder (DID patients often try to hide it)

If doctors suspect this disorder is fake, they can also check information from several sources, to monitor for inconsistencies that exclude dissociative identity disorder.

Treatment of dissociative identity disorder

dissociative identity disorder

– Imagine memories and hypnotizing sometimes

The goal of treating a dissociative identity disorder is to merge characters into one character, usually. However, this combination is not always possible. In these cases, the goal is to achieve a harmonious interaction between characters that allow for more natural performance
Drug therapy can relieve some specific symptoms associated with it, such as anxiety or depression, but it does not affect the treatment of dissociative identity disorder itself, and psychotherapy is the main treatment used to integrate different identities and is often long, arduous, painful and emotional. These people may face many emotional crises because of the actions of identities and despair that may
It occurs when traumatic memories are retrieved during treatment. Several periods of psychotherapy may be necessary to help patients during difficult times, and to deal with particularly painful memories. During hospitalization, patients are continuously supported and monitored

The main components of effective psychotherapy for dissociative identity disorder include the following
– Provides a way to stabilize extreme feelings
– Negotiating relationships between identities
– Working with Shocking Memories
– Protection from further harm
– Create and promote a good relationship between the person and the therapist

Sometimes, psychiatrists use methods such as hypnosis to help these patients calm themselves, change their view of events, and gradually eliminate the effects of traumatic memories, which are tolerated in small amounts at times. Hypnosis can sometimes help patients with dissociative identity disorder learn to access their identities, facilitate communication between them and control shifts or switch between them.


Preventing primarily dissociative identity disorder involves reducing exposure to traumatic events, as well as assisting trauma survivors to deal with them in a proper manner.


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