complex PTSD symptoms : In our daily lives, we are all exposed to experiencing a frightening experience beyond our control. We may find ourselves in a car accident, for example, or a victim of an attack, or we see a terrible accident. Police, ambulances, and firefighters are exposed to such situations, such as horrific accidents and soldiers may be injured or exposed to explosions or watch their comrades being killed in front of them.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition caused by a terrifying event. Post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, refers to a type of severe anxiety disorder that appears to be a traumatic experience in the face of death thoughts. Symptoms may include past memories, nightmares and extreme anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.
This condition is also known as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder of ICD10 (F43.1). The English abbreviation PTSD is sometimes used (for PTSD).
More than 70% of adults worldwide experience or have experienced a painful event in their life. The number (up to 12% of the population of some countries with difficulty) suffers from post-traumatic stress.
Most people experiencing traumatic events may experience temporary difficulty adjusting and adapting, but over time and good self-care, they usually improve. If your symptoms worsen, persist for months or even years, and interfere with your daily performance, you may have PTSD.
Getting effective treatment after symptoms of PTSD can be crucial to reducing symptoms and improving function.
About complex PTSD symptoms (PTSD definition)
Post-traumatic stress disorder or distress is characterized by recurrent intrusive memories of the traumatic, traumatic event.
PTSD is classified as anxiety disorder in DSM-5. Characteristic symptoms appear after a traumatic event. In this case, the individual suffering from PTSD systematically avoids any event or discussion that leads to his feelings. Despite these strategies, the event continues to return to the individual’s thoughts in flashback or in a dream (nightmare). Significant symptoms are severe less than three months after the event and are chronic if they persist after three or more months.
What are the PTSD symptoms? Feeling sad, depressed, anxious, guilty, and sometimes angry, this is in addition to the natural feelings that occur to all people after these incidents.
complex PTSD symptoms
PTSD differs from acute stress response. It can cause clinical impairment in important areas of functionality.
Most people overcome these experiences over time even without psychological help, but in some people such experiences cause a reaction that may last for months or even years and this is what we call PTSD.
Post-traumatic stress disorder or distress is characterized by recurrent intrusive memories of the traumatic, traumatic event. These memories are repeated for more than a month, and symptoms of PTSD may begin within 6 months of the event. But sometimes symptoms may not appear until years after the event. These symptoms cause major problems in social situations, at work, and in relationships. It can also interfere with your ability to perform your normal daily tasks.
Painful events that threaten death or serious injury can affect patients long after the suffering has ended. People may experience the event directly (for example, when they are seriously injured) or indirectly (for example, when patients witness a murder or know that close family members or friends have experienced that traumatic event); The intense fear, impotence, or terror they faced during the traumatic event could haunt them.
PTSD symptoms are generally divided into four types: intrusive memories (intrusive symptoms (the event repeatedly invades their thoughts uncontrollably)), avoiding negative changes in thinking and mood, and changes in physical and emotional reactions (changes in alertness and reactions). Symptoms can vary over time or vary from person to person.
I- SPAM symptoms
As a complex PTSD symptoms, You feel you are testing the experience again. This may happen like remembering the event during the day or nightmares at night. This may happen as if the events happen again. A person may not imagine events, but they may feel feelings similar to what happened, such as fear, sounds, and pain.
Some complex PTSD symptoms: Patients have unwanted repeated memories that reproduce the painful event scenario. Nightmares about the event are also common. However, sometimes less, patients recover events as if they were actually occurring (reflux) rather than simply remembering them; For example, loud fireworks may incite a return memory or a person in a fight, causing him to turn or fall to the ground to protect himself. Patients may become completely unaware of their current surroundings.
Also, complex PTSD symptoms, People often experience severe emotional or physical distress when exposed to an event or situation reminiscent of the original trauma. Examples of these notes are annual memories of the traumatic event; Ordinary events may cause these memories, for example if the accident was in a rainy weather and currently it is rainy weather that may cause that event to be remembered again. Or seeing a pistol after being hit by a pistol while it was stolen, or being in a small boat after an imminent drowning accident.
II- Symptoms of avoiding
Patients constantly avoid things “activities, conditions or people” that remind them of trauma; For example, they may avoid entering a garden or office building where they have been attacked, or avoid speaking to people of the same race as the aggressor. They may try to avoid thoughts, feelings, or conversations about the traumatic event.
As a complex PTSD symptoms, Remembering the accident again can cause a lot of inconvenience. That is why people with injuries try to stay away from it by doing many activities or hobbies and doing a lot and avoiding places and people related to the accident.
III- Negative influences in thinking and mood
Patients may be unable to remember important parts of the traumatic event (called separative or differential amnesia).
As a complex PTSD symptoms, patients may feel emotional numbness or become separated from other people. Depression is common, and patients show less interest in activities they previously enjoyed.
Also, complex PTSD symptoms, patients’ way of thinking about the event may become confused, which leads them to blame themselves or others for what happened. Guilt is also common. For example, they may feel guilty because they survived while others did not. They may only feel negative emotions, such as fear, horror, anger, or shame, and they may not be able to feel happy, satisfied, or love. This thing reminds us of another disease called hysterical personality disorder.
IV- Vigilance changes and reactions
As a complex PTSD symptoms, Patients may find it difficult to sleep or focus. You cannot relax with difficulty sleeping and feeling anxious.
As a complex PTSD symptoms, They may become extremely vigilant with regard to the warning signs of danger, or be easily disturbed. The person always feels as if they are always in danger.
Also, complex PTSD symptoms, They may become less able to control their reactions, which leads to reckless behavior or episodes of anger.
Other symptoms of complex PTSD symptoms are Some patients perform ritual activities to help reduce their anxiety. For example, people who have been sexually assaulted may bathe again and again in an attempt to remove the feeling of being unclean.
Treatment with complex PTSD symptoms
Whether this person has severe stress disorder (ASD) or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obtaining a professional evaluation and counseling can make a very important change in the healing process. Encourage him to speak with a trained doctor or mental health professional.
You can also help him by being a supportive listener and not trying to “fix” the situation. Here are some suggestions for complex PTSD symptoms:
– Be ready to listen but don’t press it. Be sure you know that you want to hear how he feels. But if the person is unwilling or unwilling to talk, do not pressure him. Just reassure him that you will be there for him if he’s ready to talk.
– Choose the time to talk. When both of you are ready to speak, choose the time and place that will be free of dispersion and interruptions. Then listen carefully. Ask if you don’t understand a few things. But avoid trying to guess, make assumptions, give advice, or tell him, “I really know how you feel.”
– Know when to take a break. If you feel the conversation is putting pressure on him, give him an opportunity to stop right now and continue talking again another day. Then follow up. – Get help if you talk about suicide. If he or she behaves in a way that makes you feel that he will try to commit suicide, make your response calm, but act immediately. Make sure not to leave it alone. If it is safe to leave it alone, you should make sure that you remove pills, firearms, or any other items that he could use to harm himself and make sure to do it discreetly, and get the help of a trained specialist as soon as possible.
Treatment of complex PTSD symptoms
Drug therapy for complex PTSD symptoms (post-traumatic stress disorder):
Treatment for complex PTSD symptoms (post-traumatic stress disorder), Various groups of different drugs have been used in the treatment of PTSD. In recent years, serotonin reuptake inhibitors and other drugs that work on serotonin receptors have shown good results, and have become the first line in pharmacotherapy for PTSD.
Psychotherapy for complex PTSD symptoms:
Cognitive and behavioral treatments, where a variety of cognitive and behavioral techniques have gained increasing popularity, including cognitive reprocessing, eye movement sensitivity reduction, and reprocessing (EMDR) is a widely applied technique for treating trauma, as well as virtual reality exposure, is a new exposure technique Computer-based that can help PTSD.
CBT is one of the most successful methods of treatment that have proven its worth recently in the treatment of drug and alcohol addiction, as well as some mental illnesses caused by drug use, or caused by psychological disorders that a person may be exposed to, including disturbances of post-traumatic stress, and treatment includes Behavioral cognitive in rehabilitation homes by making “groups”, living with patients to change their thoughts and behaviors, and creating a new environment in which they can live again on the ground away from being affected by the shocks that were exacerbating their crisis.